We hope to answer many of your questions in our brochures and in this section.  Please read the brochure and terms and conditions for your tour carefully, and then contact us with any questions.  Randy can be reached at kneedeepintohistory@gmail.com or at 908.451.0252.

How do I select a battlefield tour company?  What sets you apart?

The best place to start is by comparing the tour company’s philosophy to the participants’ vacation philosophy.  Our tours are designed for those with a serious interest in military history, and we prefer to get clients into the field.  Half the trip won’t consist of free days for participants to explore well-known cities.  We visit select museums.  We prefer to keep group size small and to introduce clients to European culture.  This means generally staying and dining at local family-owned European hotels and restaurants, not American chains.  Finally, we try to tell both sides of the story, drawing on maps, photos and first-person accounts.  Our tour guides generally speak and conduct research in multiple languages.

A second comparison level is experience and background.  Founder Randy Gaulke is not a veteran, but he has been studying military history for decades as a wargamer, reenactor and battlefield visitor.  Randy has lived in Europe for more than two years and he speaks fluent English and German and intermediate French.  Retired Bundeswehr Officer Markus Klauer’s military career included five years in an armored battalion and professional work with American and French units.  He has also been studying military history and touring the battlefields for decades.  Markus has written five books on military history.  He lives in Lille, France and speaks fluent German, French and English.

A third comparison is the guide to participant ratio.  On most KDIH tours we have two guides, and we limit the number of participants.  This gives our clients much more access to the guides and their knowledge base.

A fourth comparison level is cost.  It is important to understand what is and is not included.  KDIH tours cover almost all meals (except dinner beverages) and costs, whereas many tours cover only a portion of those expenses. Most other tours only have one full-time guide.

At first glance, your tours seem very expensive. Why is that?

The best way to compare the price of tours is to look at the average daily rate. For a 7 day / 6 night tour I will divide the full price by 6.5 days. Then, factor in the reality that our tours cover almost all costs. Most competitor tours have a large number of lunches and dinners on your own. Also, factor in the small-group nature of KDIH tours and the fact that we have two full-time tour guides. We believe we offer a great product at a fair price!

What is traveling to Europe during Covid-19 like in late 2022 / 2023?

Covid-19 travel restrictions are almost non-existent in Europe at the time of this writing. (September 2022).

France, for example, eliminated its required Vaccine Pass in March 2022 and its Covid Certificate in August 2022. The reason: The high percentage of French / European citizens who have received the original vaccine and at least one booster shot, as well as the general spread of COVID-19 variants through the population. In the event of another dangerous variant France (and most European countries) reserves the right to require a negative virological test for citizens entering from at-risk countries.

Are spouses welcome?

Yes, but…  Our tours are generally designed for those seriously interested in military history.  There is limited down time, and the option of staying at a hotel in town is not always viable.

We are trying to make our longer tours a bit more spouse friendly.  We try to arrange that at least half of our hotel nights will be in large towns / small cities, making it easier for those less interested to “opt-out” for a day or two.  We also attempt to structure at least two cultural events into the tour.  Depending on the region, this could include visits:  to unique churches or other buildings; to alcohol producers (champagne, calvados, etc.); or to Mirabelle orchards, dairies, specialty food producers, etc.  It could also include dinners with key locals and their spouses.

Are your tours children friendly?

Mature minors under 18 are welcome, but they must be accompanied by a parent or guardian.

Will there be European participants on my tour?  I like the concept of an international tour.

We do market our tours to Europeans as well as Americans, but we can make no promises that we will have European tour participants.

Do you offer tours on the anniversaries of major battles?

Generally no, because country locations like the Normandy Coast and Bastogne become overcrowded, requiring the tour to lose countless hours fighting crowds rather than spending time on the battlefield.

How important is being in good physical condition?

KDIH tours are designed to get participants out into the field.  They will include walks of moderate length and pace (up to three miles over a few hours) over moderate terrain.  Participants can always elect to stay with the vehicle, but they will be missing key portions of the schedule.

Another alternative for those with physical limitations would be to hire one of the guides for a private tour designed to be much less physical.

What clothes should I wear for a battlefield tour?

For the field, hiking / trekking shoes or ankle boots are highly recommended. Sturdy pants and shirt and weather resistant outer gear are essential as the weather can range from hot and sunny to cool and rainy. Wearing layers can help one adjust quickly to changing weather conditions. Bringing a compact umbrella is always a wise choice.

For dinner, a nice pair of slacks and a button-down shirt are great selections. Adding a sweater or blazer is also very European. For women, a dress, nice skirt and blouse or slacks and blouse can look great for dinner, perhaps with a scarf.

Why don’t you offer longer tours?

Correctly or incorrectly, we assume that most American clients will have other travel plans, and that our tour will only be a portion of their holiday in Europe.

What are your deposit, payment and cancellation policies?

Please refer to our current Terms and Conditions for the answer.

Do I need a passport and visa?

Participants need a passport AND most governments will not permit a traveler to enter their country unless the passport is set to expire AT LEAST SIX MONTHS AFTER THE FINAL DATE OF TRAVEL.

At the time of this writing, participants do NOT need a visa to visit the countries we visit.

We require that participants show proof of vaccination, because most European governments are making it quite difficult for unvaccinated citizens and tourists to engage in many activities.